On London’s Downing Street, home of British prime ministers and at Buckingham Palace, the flags flew at half staff today honoring the death of “a great leader,” in the words of Margaret Thatcher’s Conservative successor, Prime Minister David Cameron.
While most political leaders across the spectrum offered praise, her erstwhile political opponents, including former London Mayor Ken Livingstone, criticized her leadership, which stretched from 1979 to 1990.
Thatcher, who won three elections, was defined by the battles she took on during the 1980s: she waged war against Argentina, clashed with striking miners amid high employment as parts of the north of the country that had been world centers of manufacturing declined.
Cameron called her a “titan” adding, “she didn’t just lead our country, she saved our country.”
“The trouble is that almost everything that is wrong with Britain today is her legacy,” Livingstone, who ran London’s city authority when Thatcher was in power, told Sky News television. “It was her that decided to deregulate the banks. She decided to let our manufacturing wither. She was fundamentally wrong.”
Current Labour leader Ed Miliband took a conciliatory line, saying she was a “unique figure.”
“The Labour Party disagreed with much of what she did and she will always remain a controversial figure,” he said in an e-mailed statement. “But we can disagree and also greatly respect her political achievements and her personal strength.”
Britain’s current generation of leaders entered politics in the 1980s either inspired by Thatcher or to oppose her. She inspired passion in some and loathing in others.
“She changed our country forever and all of us owe so much to her,” Tory Foreign Secretary William Hague said in a post on Twitter. “A legacy few will ever equal. Rest in peace, Margaret.” His colleague, Welfare Secretary Iain Duncan Smith, said Thatcher was “the reason I came into politics.”
“She also defined the politics of the 1980s. David Cameron, Nick Clegg and I all grew up in a politics shaped by Lady Thatcher,” Miliband said. “We took different paths but with her as the crucial figure of that era.
“Very few leaders get to change not only the political landscape of their country but of the world,” former Labour Prime Minister Tony Blair said in an e-mailed statement. “Margaret was such a leader. Her global impact was vast. And some of the changes she made in Britain were, in certain respects at least, retained by the 1997 Labour government, and came to be implemented by governments around the world.”
Liberal Democrat leader Nick Clegg, Cameron’s deputy, said she “was one of the defining figures in modern British politics.”
“Whatever side of the political debate you stand on, no one can deny that as prime minister she left a unique and lasting imprint on the country she served,” Clegg wrote in an e-mailed statement. “She may have divided opinion during her time in politics but everyone will be united today in acknowledging the strength of her personality and the radicalism of her politics.”
Former Labour Party Home Secretary David Blunkett called Thatcher a “most formidable opponent.”
He was less flattering about her legacy. “I have to acknowledge her deep commitment to her own values and her determination, although, with Bernard Ingham at her side, she was the first modern exponent of carefully worked spin, which allowed her to present compromise as merely delay, and deep irritation with opponents in her own party as principled stance,” he said.
George Galloway, lawmaker for the Respect Party and a longstanding opponent of the Conservative Party, tweeted the title of an Elvis Costello song, “Tramp the Dirt Down.”
On his Twitter feed, Tory London Mayor Boris Johnson said he was “very sad to hear of death of Baroness Thatcher. Her memory will live long after the world has forgotten the gray suits of today’s politics.”
He successor as premier and Tory leader, John Major, described Thatcher as a “true force of nature” and a “political phenomenon.”
“Her reforms of the economy, trades-union law, and her recovery of the Falkland Islands elevated her above normal politics, and may not have been achieved under any other leader,” he told BBC News. “Her outstanding characteristics will always be remembered by those who worked closely with her: courage and determination in politics, and humanity and generosity of spirit in private.”
Former Conservative Deputy Prime Minister Michael Heseltine, who challenged Thatcher for the Tory leadership in 1990, issued a statement to the Press Association that read: “I am sorry to learn of Lady Thatcher’s death. The illness of her last years has been cruel and very difficult.”
Norman Lamont, who served as a treasury minister under Thatcher before becoming chancellor of the exchequer told PA that “the name Margaret Thatcher will always be synonymous with the word ’courage.’
“She had more courage than anyone I have ever known,” Lamont said. “The word impossible barely existed for her. We shall not see her like again.”
First Minister Alex Salmond, whose Scottish National Party opposes the Tories, said in an e-mailed statement that “no doubt there will now be a renewed debate about the impact of that legacy. Today, however, the proper reaction should be respect and condolences to her family.”
To contact the reporter on this story: Kitty Donaldson in London at firstname.lastname@example.org or Robert Hutton in London at email@example.com
To contact the editor responsible for this story: James Hertling at firstname.lastname@example.org