(Adds nuclear companies in seventh paragraph.)
Feb. 22 (Bloomberg) -- South Africa is considering spending more than 600 billion rand ($78 billion) on nuclear plants, another coal-fired plant and a hydropower project in the Democratic Republic of Congo to stave off power shortages in Africa’s largest economy.
Proposals to spend 300 billion rand on nuclear plants with the capacity to generate 9,600 megawatts of energy by 2029 are in the “final stages of consideration,” the National Treasury said in the 2012 budget statement today. The government may also build a 111 billion-rand coal-fired plant, in addition to the Medupi and Kusile plants under construction by state-owned utility Eskom Holdings SOC Ltd.
The Treasury has allocated 844.5 billion rand to energy, transport, housing, telecommunications and water projects in the three years through March 2015. It lists 43 infrastructure programs worth a total of 3.2 trillion rand that are in progress or under consideration for implementation by 2020.
“No good project will be short of funding,” Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan told lawmakers in his budget speech in Cape Town. “South Africa has deep and liquid capital markets through which long-term capital can be raised at competitive rates.”
President Jacob Zuma announced plans for a “massive” infrastructure drive in his Feb. 9 state-of-the-nation speech to help spur investment and support growth in the continent’s biggest economy.
South Africa is expanding its electricity generation base to avoid a repeat of power shortages that halted mines for at least five days in January 2008. It’s looking to nuclear and hydropower to help reduce its reliance on coal to reduce negative effects on the environment.
Areva SA, EDF SA, Toshiba Corp.’s Westinghouse Electric Corp. unit, China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Corp., Korea Electric Power Corp. and Rosatom Corp. are potential bidders for nuclear plants, the Johannesburg-based Mail & Guardian newspaper reported Oct. 7.
An investment of 200 billion rand in Congo’s 40,000- megawatt Grand Inga hydropower project is at the “assessment stage,” while a study into a 200 billion-rand solar park is due for completion this year.
BHP Billiton Ltd., the world’s biggest mining company, on Feb. 15 said it shelved plans to build an aluminum smelter that would have underpinned the Inga III plant in Congo.
Transportation projects being considered include a 37 billion-rand upgrade of Transnet SOC Ltd.’s rail line transporting coal from the eastern Mpumalanga province to the port of Richards Bay. A 300 billion-rand high-speed rail line between Johannesburg and the eastern port of Durban is still at a conceptual stage, the Treasury said.
The government is also considering a proposal for state petroleum company PetroSA to build a 200 billion-rand, 360,000 barrel-per-day refinery at the eastern port of Coega.
Public-sector borrowing will start “rapidly rising” after 2015 as infrastructure investment accelerates, Gordhan said.
The government has been struggling to implement capital projects, spending just 68 percent of the 260 billion rand allocated in the year through March 2011, Gordhan said.
“In addition to long delays, we have often experienced significant cost overruns,” he said. “We shall step up the quality of planning, costing and project management so that infrastructure is delivered on time and on budget.”
The government is reviewing its investment in a number of state-owned companies and may sell non-priority assets, the Treasury said.
New regulators may also be established to oversee the water and transport industries, to ensure the services they provide are correctly priced, while the Department of Energy is reviewing of its power-pricing policy, it said.
--With assistance from Nasreen Seria and Carli Cooke in Johannesburg. Editors: Nasreen Seria, Gordon Bell, Ana Monteiro, Karl Maier.
To contact the reporter on this story: Mike Cohen in Cape Town at firstname.lastname@example.org
To contact the editor responsible for this story: Andrew J. Barden at email@example.com