Bloomberg News

U.S. Population Is Less White, More Black, Census Figures Show

September 29, 2011

Sept. 29 (Bloomberg) -- Even with an influx of Hispanics, the number of white people in the U.S. fell in 2010 to fewer than three of every four Americans, the census bureau said.

There were 231,040,398 whites in 2010, or 74.8 percent of the nation’s population, a number that includes Hispanics who identified themselves as white. There were 216,930,975 whites in 2000, 77.1 percent of the population.

The U.S. Census Bureau doesn’t count Hispanics as a separate race. People who fill out their decennial forms can either be Hispanic or non-Hispanic, and one or all of six individual races. Hispanics made up 69.7 percent of population growth among whites, the bureau said.

“The growth of the white population was fueled by Hispanics who identified as white,” Bradford Hepler, a survey statistician with the bureau’s racial statistics branch, said in a telephone call with reporters.

The number of blacks rose to 42,020,743 in 2010, up to 13.6 percent of the population. There were 36,419,434 blacks in 2000, 12.9 percent of the population.

Big cities with the greatest proportions of blacks included Detroit, with 84.3 percent of the population; Jackson, Mississippi, with 80.1 percent; Miami Gardens, Florida, with 77.9 percent; Birmingham, Alabama, with 74 percent; and Baltimore, Maryland, with 65.1 percent.

--Editors: Flynn McRoberts, Mark McQuillan.

To contact the reporter on this story: Frank Bass in Washington at

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Flynn McRoberts at

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