New laws taking effect at the start of 2012 reflect states' concerns with immigration, the cost of government and the best way to protect and benefit young people.
Girls seeking abortions in New Hampshire must first tell their parents or a judge. California students will be the first in the country to receive mandatory lessons about the contributions of gays and lesbians.
Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina and Tennessee are enacting laws meant to reduce illegal immigration.
In Colorado, coaches will be required to bench players as young as 11 when they're believed to have suffered a head injury.
Jan. 1 is the effective date in many states for laws passed during this year's legislative sessions. In others, laws take effect July 1, or 90 days after passage.