Made Men: Why Venture Capitalists Sponsor Other VCs

Posted by: Spencer Ante on July 07, 2009

The big news out this week in the venture capital market is the launch of Andreessen Horowitz, a new $300 million venture capital fund co-founded by Marc Andreeseen, a tech visionary who founded Netscape Communications, the startup that triggered the Internet tsunami.

Raising $300 million for a first time fund is an incredible achievement in today’s depressed capital-starved economy. How did Andreessen and his long-time business partner and co-investor Ben Horowitz pull it off? Well, tops on the list is the stellar reputation and track record of this pair. Andreessen has been at the forefront of the three major technology trends of the last 20 years: The Web, cloud computing and social networking.

After Andreessen launched Netscape, he and Horowitz founded tech service provider Opsware, which Hewlett-Packard bought in 2007 for $1.6 billion. Andreessen also co-founded Ning, a social networking company that is growing fast and generating revenue. “Marc understands technology on a deeper level than 99% of the public,” says Todd Chaffee, partner with Institutional Venture Partners.

But one other big reason that the two were able to attract so much money, a key detail that I broke in my story for BusinessWeek, was the duo gained the support of three of Silicon Valley’s most established and successful venture capital firms: Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, Accel Partners and Greylock Partners.

The lead partners of these three firms (Kleiner’s John Doerr, Accel’s Jim Breyer and Greylock’s Aneel Bushri) sponsored Andreessen Horowitz, say several sources. Being sponsored is sort of like being a made man in the mob. You are tapped on the shoulder and invited into an elite club.

Concretely, this means that these sponsors made personal introductions to several of their limited partner investors to help Andreessen raise money. No doubt, that sponsorship gave the investors more comfort to invest their dwindling capital with a group of first-time VCs. “Those are great anchor tenants that will give them more credibility,” says Roger Lee, partner with Battery Ventures.

In fact, there’s a long tradition of sponsorship in the venture business. Thomas J. Davis, the co-founder of Davis & Rock, one of the pioneering firms of the venture capital industry, helped Kleiner, Perkins raise money by introducing them to a few investors.

Similarly, the Mayfield Fund helped Don Valentine launch Sequoia Capital in the early 1970s. Gib Myers, one of the first partners of Mayfield, said that the firm set up Valentine with some free office space on Sand Hill Road in a building owned by Wally Davis, the co-founder of Mayfield Fund. “We helped Don get his start,” Myers told me during an interview for my book. “He and Tommy and Wally were really good friends.” Valentine repaid the favor by inviting Mayfield to invest in a little company called Atari.

Back in the early days of venture capital, sponsorship reflected the collegial milieu of what was then a cottage industry. These days, the practice is driven more by practical considerations. Venture firms occasionally help a newcomer this way to forge ties that could prove valuable later on. The new firms, for example, could give the established firms a window into a different area or the ability to get preferred access to co-invest on new deals. “You’d like to get plugged into that network,” says Robert Ackerman, co-founder of Allegis Capital, which was sponsored by AVI Capital when it got started.

More recently, in 2007, Greylock sponsored life sciences investor Third Rock Ventures, investing some of its own money and introducing the founding team to several investors.

I was not able to find out if Kleiner, Accel or Greylock invested in Andreessen Horowitz. But I would not be surprised if they did. And why not? Increasingly, big firms are looking for ways to continue investing in early stage deals without all the time and energy it requires. In March, Sequoia Capital announced a small investment in the angel fund of Y Combinator. Investing in venture funds that focus on early stage deals could give the big guys a way efficiently scale their early stage investments.

- Spencer Ante also publishes the Creative Capital blog. Click here to see more.

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Reader Comments

RB Bazzell

July 7, 2009 05:26 PM

There exist today many small, yet growing, private companies, which could benefit from VC focus, producing a win-win for both the investor and company in the long-term. The economy most definitely affects certain aspects of organizational advancement, but not all companies are feeling the pain of the current economic recession. The transportation industry, in particular, the hospitality and tourism element, are realizing at the least, sustained revenues, and in some instances, those companies with excellent credit, are realizing growth and market opportunities.
The charter company, for which I am employed, sustains its revenues through government grants and a relatively steady revenue stream from loyal customers and military transportation requirements. Although our revenues are indeed lower than in 2007, because of our credit rating and service reputation, we are able to purchase new equipment, and remain focused on in-work projects to enhance revenues and forward the brand to a wider market.
All is not hopeless and bleak; there are many private businesses above water and climbing higher that may welcome a fresh flow of capital. I encourage the VC community to look to those entities as bright pearls awaiting discovery.

Sandijs Aploks

July 8, 2009 06:04 AM

If you are modelling global business, the required investments jump in few billions USD sometimes. Too often.

I think the world evolves so dramatically, that few hundred millions investments are not sufficient enough these days to do your work with serious attitude.

Especially in hi-tech and science businesses.

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BusinessWeek writers Peter Burrows, Cliff Edwards, Olga Kharif, Aaron Ricadela, Douglas MacMillan, and Spencer Ante dig behind the headlines to analyze what’s really happening throughout the world of technology. One of the first mainstream media tech blogs, Tech Beat covers everything from tech bellwethers like Apple, Google, and Intel and emerging new leaders such as Facebook to new technologies, trends, and controversies.

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