The Flip Side of a Subsidized iPhone
Posted by: Olga Kharif on June 10, 2008
Yesterday, Apple announced that AT&T will start subsidizing its iPhone device, making it available for as little as $199 for an 8 Gigabyte model. Previously, users have had to pay full price for it, which is why many consumers are sure to applaud the decision. By offering a subsidy of an estimated $350 per unit for the device, AT&T will likely see its iPhone sales double, estimates Craig Moffett, an analyst with Sanford C. Bernstein. So it’s a win-win for consumers, right? Not necessarily.
As Moffett points out in his research note this morning, chances are, AT&T, which previously used to pay Apple a share of iPhone-related revenues every month, is simply paying the same subsidy upfront. Consumers will likely end up paying the same amount through higher phone service bills through the life of their wireless contract. What’s more, the move does not bode well for the movement to open up U.S. wireless networks. As Moffett notes, “The core issue is….the philosophy of subsidies. Returning to the old and familiar subsidy model undermines progress towards an open network future where customers, not carriers, pay for devices.”
When consumers pay for the devices up front — as they do in Europe — carriers have to allow them to take these devices to other carriers when switching. Such “unlocked” devices, untethered to a particular network, help increase market competition and, at the end, may (but don’t always) result in more competitive rates. AT&T’s new subsidies move, in effect, takes the open movement one step back.