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Pulling Out the Stops


The government has steadily broadened its role to safeguard the economy from the credit crisis. Here are some important milestones:

DATE: DEC. 11, 2007

TARGET: COMMERCIAL BANKS

WHAT GOVERNMENT DID: The Federal Reserve begins lending to banks for longer than overnight. By October 2008, many banks are on Fed life support.

DATE: MAR. 16, 2008

TARGET: WALL STREET

WHAT GOVERNMENT DID: The Federal Reserve starts lending money to Wall Street firms that are primary dealers in Treasuries.

DATE: SEPT. 7, 2008

TARGET: MORTGAGE FINANCE

WHAT GOVERNMENT DID: The Federal Housing Finance Agency puts Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac into conservatorship.

DATE: SEPT. 17, 2008

TARGET: INSURANCE INDUSTRY

WHAT GOVERNMENT DID: The Fed makes an $85 billion, two-year loan to American International Group and gets warrants for a majority stake.

DATE: SEPT. 19, 2008

TARGET: MONEY MARKET FUNDS

WHAT GOVERNMENT DID: Treasury offers insurance to money market mutual funds, which help corporations and local governments by buying their debt.

DATE: SEPT. 30, 2008

TARGET: FINANCIAL SECTOR

WHAT GOVERNMENT DID: Congress passes the bailout bill, which authorizes Treasury to buy up mortgage-backed securities from banks.

DATE: OCT. 7, 2008

TARGET: ALL CORPORATIONS

WHAT GOVERNMENT DID: The Fed says it will buy commercial paper from issuers, thus providing direct financing to banks and corporations.

Data: BusinessWeek


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