Markets & Finance

Life Sciences: Positive Results


S&P's top picks among companies that serve the pharmaceutical and biotech industries: Covance and Thermo Fisher Scientific

From Standard & Poor's Equity ResearchThis week, the S&P 1500 Life Sciences Tools & Services subindustry index was added to the high-momentum list, which consists of those S&P 1500 subindustry indexes whose trailing 12-month price performance ranks in the top 10% of all subindustries in the S&P 1500 index. Year-to-date through July 18, 2008, this subindustry index was down 6.0%, vs. a 13.3% decline for the S&P 1500 index. During 2007, the subindustry rose 30.8%, compared with a 3.6% advance for the 1500. The group was added to the S&P 1500 Composite 1500 Index in April 2006 and has been outperforming the broader market on a rolling 12-month basis since April 2007.

There are 18 large-cap companies in the S&P 1500 Life Sciences Tools & Services subindustry index, 11 of which are covered analytically by S&P equity analysts. Of those companies, six are ranked a buy or a strong buy: Charles River Labs (CRL; buy; 63), Covance (CVD; strong buy; 88), Invitrogen (IVGN; buy; 40), PerkinElmer (PKI; buy; 28), Pharmaceutical Product Development (PPDI; buy; 40), and Thermo Fisher Scientific (TMO; strong buy; 56). Two nonindex companies also have favorable investment opinions: Exelixis (EXEL; buy; 6) and ICON (ICLR; strong buy; 76).

In the accompanying chart, the jagged blue line represents the subindustry index's rolling 52-week price performance, compared with the 52-week performance for the S&P 1500. Any point above 100 indicates market outperformance over the prior year, while points below 100 indicate market underperformance. The red line is a rolling 39-week moving average, while the two green bands indicate one standard deviation above and below the index's long-term mean relative strength.

Jeff Loo follows these stocks for S&P Equity Research. He has a positive fundamental outlook for the life sciences tools and services subindustry, based on his continued favorable view of the contract research organization group and stable growth for life science consumables. He expects equipment sales to moderate a bit in 2008, however, following robust growth in 2007.

The life sciences industry depends on pharmaceutical and biotechnology spending for research and development and on worldwide government funding, Loo says. He foresees high-single-digit increases in R&D spending balanced against soft worldwide government funding, which he thinks will temper overall sales growth. In the U.S., he continues to anticipate limited increases in the National Institutes of Health budget over the next several years. The 2008 NIH budget will increase only 1%, to $29.5 billion.

Companies within this subindustry derive revenue from the sale of equipment, consumables, and services. Equipment sales improved in 2007, following sluggish years in 2005 and 2006, and he expects sales to continue to be solid in 2008, albeit at a slower growth rate, as pharmaceutical end-users upgrade equipment and purchase innovative new products.

Purchases of consumables are typically immune from budget constraints. Therefore, Loo believes companies whose revenue bases primarily comprise consumables will likely grow faster than equipment manufacturers. Consumables also typically carry higher profit margins than instruments, and equipment manufacturers are aggressively expanding product lines to increase their sales of consumables. He sees consumable sales rising in the high single digits.

Companies that provide services to pharmaceutical and biotech companies should see significant growth over the next 12 to 24 months, in Loo's opinion. He believes pharmaceutical and biotech companies will increase their outsourcing of services over the next several years, which he thinks improves efficiency and lowers costs while minimizing the need to expand overseas operations and infrastructure. Also, most emerging biotech companies do not have infrastructure in place and must outsource some services. Beneficiaries of this trend, in his view, will be contract research organizations that provide services for clinical trials of drugs in development.

So, there you have it. The group's strong relative strength is supported by a positive fundamental outlook.

Industry Momentum List Update

Here is this week's list of the industries in the S&P 1500 with Relative Strength Rankings of "5" (price performance in the past 12 months that ranked among the top 10% of the industries in the S&P 1500), along with a stock that has the highest S&P STARS (tie goes to the issue with the largest market value).

High Momentum Industries

Company

Ticker

S&P STARS rank

Price (7/18/08)

Biotechnology

Genzyme

GENZ

5

78

Brewers

Molson Coors Brewing

TAP

5

57

Coal & Consumable Fuels

Peabody Energy

BTU

4

64

Construction & Engineering

Jacobs Engineering

JEC

5

81

Fertilizers & Agricultural Chemicals

Monsanto

MON

5

112

Gold

Newmont Mining

NEM

4

48

Home Entertainment Software

Electronic Arts

ERTS

3

48

Hypermarkets & Supercenters

BJ's Wholesale Club

BJ

4

41

Industrial Gases

Airgas

ARG

5

59

Life Sciences Tools & Services

Lab Corp. of America

LH

5

70

Oil & Gas Drilling

Noble

NE

5

56

Oil & Gas Equipment & Services

Superior Energy

SPN

5

50

Oil & Gas Exploration & Production

Swift Energy

SFY

5

53

Railroads

Norfolk Southern

NSC

4

63


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