Companies & Industries

My Dinner with Bono


Bono's journey from rock star to humanitarian exemplifies how important shifts in self-definition are to shifts in behavior

A little while back I had the opportunity to sit next to Bono—yes, that Bono—at a charity fund-raiser. I am 58 years old, and since his music was recorded sometime after 1975, I was unfamiliar with it. Fortunately for me, he did not discuss his music. He discussed his life.

After listening to Bono share his personal story, I realized that he is a wonderful example of a person who has not only changed his behavior but also his identity, or definition of who he is—while remaining authentic and not becoming a phony.

In my work as a coach, I help top executives achieve positive change in their leadership behavior. Over the years, I have begun to realize that if we want behavioral change to last, we need to focus not just on how we act. We also need to look at how we define ourselves—the personal identity we create for ourselves.

From Regular Bloke to Rock Star

Bono's early identity was "regular guy." He was not brought up rich and had a disdain for pretension. It was easy to see how he has maintained this identity.

In our one-on-one conversation, as well as in his after-dinner speech, Bono was self-deprecating. As we spoke, his language was very much "regular guy." He politely apologized to me for using variations on the" f-word" a few times. (I assured him that this language was not troubling to me. As a teenager I thought it was the adjective that preceded most nouns.)

After "regular guy" he became a "rock 'n' roll fan." He was animated in his discussion of the musicians that had influenced this life—and how much he enjoyed listening to them as a youth. In his speech he was generous in his praise for other musicians and in his admiration of their work.

Bono's next identity was "musician." He described how he had made a commitment to his craft—and how much he enjoyed what he did. He talked about the joy of playing with friends when no status or money was involved.

His next identity was "rock star." He clearly liked being a rock star. He enjoyed the fame, the large coliseums filled with adoring fans, and the access to influential people that being a rock star provided.

(Sitting next to him in a room filled with hundreds of people was an interesting experience. For a while, I kept wondering why so many beautiful young women seemed to be staring at me. I got the feeling that being a rock star was a good thing!)

Becoming a Humanitarian

As much as he remained a regular guy, was clearly a huge rock 'n' roll fan, loved being a musician, and enjoyed the life of a rock star—Bono was even more excited about his new role. He was now a humanitarian.

He recounted with deep feeling his experience of visiting Africa during the great famine of the '80s. (I spent nine days there as a Red Cross volunteer and watched many people die of starvation, and I could relate to this experience.) He talked about his desire to help those who needed help the most and to alleviate human suffering. It was clear that a large part of the rest of his life would be devoted to doing whatever he could to make our world a better place.

In his after-dinner speech he did not take cheap shots at politicians, governments, or anyone else—even when certain questions teed up this opportunity. He was clearly there to raise money and to help people in need—not to prove how smart or clever he was.

He was sincere in expressing gratitude to anyone who was helping out in any way. His need to help others far exceeded his need to be right. He is a man with a mission. He isn't pretending to be a humanitarian —he is a humanitarian.

Avoid Self-Limiting Definitions

After having dinner with Bono, I reflected upon how he had changed. He did not let his definition of who he was limit his potential for who he could become.

One of our greatest challenges in changing behavior can be our self-limiting definitions of who we are. We send messages to ourselves like: "I just can't speak in front of a group." "I could never lead others." "That just isn't me!"

We often think of our identity as fixed. It doesn't have to be. For example, if we define ourselves by saying "I am a terrible listener," we will create the reality that we become a terrible listener. And even worse—if someone says that we are a good listener, we won't believe them. We will say to ourselves: "That's not the real me."

When my clients describe self-limiting identities, such as being a poor listener, I ask them if they want to change. When they say they do, I assure them that they do not have incurable genetic defects that are stopping them from listening. Not only can they change their behavior—and become good listeners—they can change their definition of who they are.

Overcome the Obstacles in Your Mind

Who is the you that you want to become? Have you defined yourself in a way that limits your own potential?

In the same way that Bono changed not just his behavior but his definition of who he is, you can change your definition of who you are and change your role in the world.

Figure out the role you would like to play in life. Outside of real physical or resource limitations (e.g., I cannot be a pro basketball player at age 58, no matter how much I try), what is holding you back?

You may not be able to overcome all of the obstacles in the world, but you can overcome the obstacles in your own mind!

Marshall Goldsmith is the New York Times best-selling author of What Got You Here Won't Get You There—a Wall Street Journal No. 1 business book and Harold Longman Award winner for Business Book of the Year. His newest book, Succession: Are You Ready?, has just been published by the Harvard Business Press. He can be reached at Marshall@MarshallGoldsmith.com, and he provides his articles and videos online at MarshallGoldsmithLibrary.com.

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