Ingram was able to hold on to the house by taking out a jumbo reverse mortgage on the property--"jumbo" because the amount was $388,000, and conventional reverse mortgages would not offer as much on a $1.2 million home. Either way, these financial deals allow homeowners 62 and older to take the equity out of their houses without having to make monthly payments to the bank. The balance comes due when the homeowner moves out or dies. Then, the mortgage holder or the heirs have to sell the property or use other funds to pay off the loan if they want to keep it.
Financial Freedom Senior Funding, based in Irvine, Calif., has been the main source of the supersize loans since 2000 (financialfreedom.com/reversemortgagecalculator). But more providers are entering the field, offering variations on the loans and increasing competition, says Peter Bell, president of the National Reverse Mortgage Lenders Assn., a trade group (reversemortgage.org). BNY Mortgage, based in Newburgh, N.Y., plans to offer the first fixed-rate jumbo reverse mortgage in February. It will be available initially in 10 Eastern U.S. states and later in other states through collaborating lenders.
Ingram's mortgage, like most of its ilk, is variable, with the interest rate tied to the widely quoted London Interbank Offered Rate. Her rate is currently 8.42% and can readjust every six months, up to a maximum of 14.92%. The 8.42% rate is about two points higher than the interest on a regular adjustable-rate mortgage. What significance is the interest rate if you're not making monthly payments? It's the basis for calculating how much Ingram or her heirs will eventually have to repay the lender.
Because she chose to take all the money up front, rather than in a line of credit, the mortgage company waived its regular fees and closing costs. With cash from the reverse mortgage, Ingram paid off her original loan, upgraded her roof and patio, and stashed $150,000 in certificates of deposit. She hopes to buy a condominium that will throw off rental income.
How much do the jumbos really cost? Suppose you took a $700,000 reverse mortgage on a home valued at $2 million, with a fixed interest rate of 8.85%. Depending on how fast you took money out, the debt could balloon to between $915,000 and $1.7 million in 10 years, says Jim Mitchell, a reverse mortgage specialist at Financial Freedom. The final bill would include accrued interest, service charges of $20 a month, and the original closing fees. If the home appreciated 4% per year during the 10 years, it would be worth nearly $2.7 million. You or your heirs could sell it, pay off the loan, and have a tidy profit.
Plans can go awry, however. Say you become ill and need to move out and sell the home immediately. If interest rates have skyrocketed and the property value has remained flat, your equity could be wiped out. But at least the amount you owe would never exceed the market value of the home. By Ellen Hoffman