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Chart: Where The 401(k) Money Is Going


With interest rates on federally guaranteed loans for students and parents likely to jump by as much as two percentage points on July 1, those who want to lock in today's lower rates should refinance into a single consolidated loan now. On July 1 the rate on the Stafford Loan is expected to hit 6.5% for those still in school and 7.1% for graduates. By consolidating, you can get a fixed rate as low as 4.75% for students and 5.375% for graduates. Under a new law, those in school will not be eligible to consolidate after July 1.

Meanwhile, parents who consolidate their federal PLUS loans before then can lock in a rate as low as 6.125%. That's just a shade above today's 6.1% but far below the 7.91% that's expected to prevail when rates adjust according to a congressionally mandated formula on July 1. To consolidate, you must submit a signed application, available from your lender, by June 30. If all your loans are through the same lender, you have to go with that company. Otherwise, you're free to consolidate anywhere. Some lenders will reduce the interest rate you'll pay if you sign up for direct debit or pay on time for a set period. Under a new law, loans issued after July 1 will have fixed, rather than variable, interest rates. For next year the Stafford rate is expected to be 6.8%, and the PLUS 8.5%.

The $70 billion tax cut that's making its way through Congress should bring cheer to investors. It extends the 15% tax rate on capital gains and dividends through 2010. What's more, for the first time, taxpayers earning over $100,000 will be able to convert their traditional individual retirement accounts into Roth IRAs. But there is a big catch: They won't be able to make the shift until 2010.

IRA switchers will have to pay taxes, but can spread payments over two years. Then all future returns and withdrawals are tax-free. Lawmakers delayed the IRA change until 2010 to keep the bill within the agreed-upon cost. The conversion is expected to raise $6.4 billion to help offset the cost of the other tax cuts.


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