UAW workers strike at two Johnson Controls seat-making plants in Ohio. When the company tries to hire strikebreakers, its primary customer, Ford Motor Co., refuses to take the seats, thus pressuring Johnson to give in to the union.MAY, 1999
Lear Corp. agrees to remain neutral in UAW recruitment drives, allowing the union to sign up 4,000 workers at 14 auto-parts factories the company acquired.DEC., 1999
The UAW starts a recruitment drive among Toyota's 9,000-worker plant in Georgetown, Ky., but withdraws without an election the next year due to lack of support.OCT., 2001
After management resistance, 6,300 Nissan workers in Smyrna, Tenn., vote two-to-one against the UAW. It was the fourth failed unionization attempt in 12 years.JUNE, 2002
To end strikes at four parts plants, Johnson pledges neutrality at 26 factories employing 8,000 workers; about 1,000 have joined the union so far.JAN., 2003
After four years of talks with the UAW, DaimlerChrysler agrees to stop opposing unionization in the U.S. Some 3,100 workers join the union at two of its Freightliner truck plants in North Carolina. The UAW expects to sign up 2,100 Mercedes workers in a nearby Alabama factory.AUG., 2003
Auto-parts maker Dana Corp., already partly unionized, pledges neutrality in UAW campaigns.