In East Timor: Justice, Not Revenge


Q: How would you describe the progress that has been made in bringing Indonesian army officers to justice for crimes against humanity committed shortly after the referendum on independence in 1999?

A: The progress is still short of comprehensive justice.... By focusing [only] on the crimes of September, 1999, which was perhaps only 5% of the total crimes committed over a period of 24 years, one inevitably loses sight of the sense of true justice.

Q: How do you keep the peace in East Timor despite resentment against your neighbor, Indonesia, and against East Timorese who collaborated with the Indonesian occupation from 1975 to 1999 and who joined the pro-Jakarta militias in 1999.

A: The most important peace is within ourselves. We need to embrace that in our national struggle for liberation, almost everyone, in one way or another, took part in it -- even those working for Indonesia. Some who became militia may have been actively involved in the resistance prior to being a militia.

Others who became leaders of the military resi


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