European markets closed mixed. The London Financial Times-Stock Exchange 100 index was off 134.80 points, or 2.18%, at 6,039.90. In Germany, the DAX index, meanwhile, was up 149.03 points, or 2.37%, to 6,438.85 after a survey showed economists believe German manufacturing orders fell 0.3% in November. German DIW research unit says European Central Bank has wasted chances to stimulate faster EuroZone growth. France's CAC 40 was down 114.85 points, or 1.98%, at 5,684.05.
Japan's stock market was closed. Hong Kong's Hang Seng index, meanwhile, ended off 280.36 points, or 1.89 percent, at 14,589.58.