International -- Intl' Business: EUROPE
TABLE: Are the Phone Companies Blocking Newcomers?
TELEFONICA A Spanish court fined Telefonica $1 million for
DE ESPANA refusing to grant phone line access to Sweden's 3C
Communications. Telefonica is appealing.
DEUTSCHE German antitrust authorities ruled that Telekom
TELEKOM abused its position by using $1.5 billion in
monopoly profits to subsidize its data packet-
switching business. Telekom denies it.
TELECOM An Italian appeals court ruled Telecom Italia
ITALIA illegally refused to lease phone lines to Telsystem
for private network services.
DATA: BUSINESS WEEK