Tens of thousands of people attended a vigil in Hong Kong last night to mark the 25th anniversary of the 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown, calling on China to vindicate the student movement that led the protests.
Visitors to the event at Victoria Park were greeted with loudspeakers broadcasting slogans and banners demanding an end to the rule of the Chinese Communist Party. A human-sized Goddess of Democracy statue stood in the park, where many were sitting. As night fell, hundreds lit candles and observed a moment of silence at 8:38 p.m. after organizers placed wreaths to commemorate those who lost their lives.
“Democracy is not just a dream of our generation,” said Christopher Wong, 26, a Hong Kong resident at the park. “It’s something that those that came before us fought for. Now it’s up to our generation not to give up on democracy.”
Security was tightened around Tiananmen Square in Beijing yesterday, with police scanning people’s identity cards at checkpoints. Dozens of activists, journalists and lawyers have been detained, questioned or disappeared, in the lead-up to the anniversary, overseas monitoring group Chinese Human Rights Defenders said in an e-mailed statement on May 29.
Chinese soldiers began opening fire late on June 3, 1989, to seize the square from protesters demanding political reform, free speech and curbs on corruption. Estimates of the death toll ranged between 300 and 2,600, Ezra Vogel wrote in “Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of China.”
Over the years, the Chinese government has changed the way it describes the Tiananmen crackdown. It was initially called a counter-revolutionary rebellion, then a riot, then political turmoil and finally the 1989 storm, according to Vogel’s book.
Chinese visitors joined the commemoration in Hong Kong, taking advantage of increased tourist visas to the city where residents are able to mark an event that those on the mainland can’t mention because of censorship by the Communist Party.
“Why am I here? Because we can express our views here but not in the mainland,” said a 42-year-old man who identified himself only by his surname Hong. “After all these years, it’s only right that we come to pay our respects to the many who have died and to preserve their memory.”
Hong, who lives and runs his own business in Guangdong, said residents of the southern Chinese province are lucky because they get information from neighboring Hong Kong, which is how they know about June 4.
China’s Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei yesterday told the U.S. to stop meddling in its internal affairs after the White House called on Chinese authorities to account for people killed, detained or missing in the 1989 crackdown.
“The United States will always speak out in support of the basic freedoms the protesters at Tiananmen Square sought, including the freedom of expression, the freedom of the press, and the freedoms of association and assembly,” State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said in an e-mailed statement.
Several hundred people took part in a memorial event in Taipei that was addressed by the Chinese protest leader Wu’er Kaixi. Wu’er, named as China’s second most-wanted after the crackdown, has lived in exile since fleeing the country days after the protests were put down.
“Twenty-five years have gone and we still have not succeeded,” said Wu’er. “We still need your support from Taiwan because the fight ahead would be more lonely and hard.”
Taiwan President Ma Ying-jeou issued a statement yesterday calling for China to show greater tolerance toward dissidents, saying it would help win respect from people across the Taiwan Strait and international society. China claims Taiwan, independently governed since 1949, as part of its territory.
More than 180,000 people attended the Victoria Park event, the most ever, Lee Cheuk-yan, chairman of organizer Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China, told the crowd. Police estimated turnout at 99,500 people, against 54,000 last year, the South China Morning Post said.
The number of mainland Chinese visitors to Hong Kong has surged in the past few years as incomes rose and travel restrictions were eased. Last year, the city saw 40.7 million visitors from the mainland, up 16.7 percent from 2012, according to government data.
“We just happened to be traveling here and saw the news about this event, so we decided to check out what the fuss was all about,” said Andy Duan, 25, a student from Beijing. “I honestly don’t know a lot about Tiananmen, except for the little that the older people say in passing.”
The Alliance opened China’s first museum dedicated to the 1989 crackdown on April 26 in Hong Kong, with exhibits including a victim’s bullet-pierced motorcycle helmet.
“We need to keep fighting,” said Teng Biao, a human rights activist and lecturer in Beijing who addressed the crowd. “I’ll never regret and I’ll never retreat, and neither should the people of Hong Kong.”
Teng said this was his first time at the vigil and that he attended even after colleagues warned him it would be dangerous.
To contact the reporters on this story: Clement Tan in Hong Kong at firstname.lastname@example.org; Natasha Khan in Hong Kong at email@example.com
To contact the editors responsible for this story: Tan Hwee Ann at firstname.lastname@example.org; Rosalind Mathieson at email@example.com Neil Western, John Viljoen