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China’s Services Industries Expand at Slower Pace, HSBC Says

December 04, 2012

China’s services industries expanded at a slower pace in November, damping hopes for a faster rebound in the economy after a seven-quarter slowdown.

The purchasing managers’ index fell to 52.1 from 53.5 in October, HSBC Holdings Plc and Markit Economics said in a statement today. A reading above 50 indicates expansion. That contrasts with a government-backed gauge of services that rose to the highest level in three months in November.

Today’s report may undermine prospects for a faster recovery in the world’s second-largest economy even as manufacturing expansion accelerates. It may increase pressure on the new leadership headed by Xi Jinping to roll out more measures to prop up growth.

“Despite the moderating growth of services activities in November, services providers hired more workers and became more optimistic,” Qu Hongbin, chief China economist for HSBC in Hong Kong, said in today’s statement.

China’s official non-manufacturing purchasing managers’ index rose to 55.6 in November from 55.5 in October, the National Bureau of Statistics and Federation of Logistics and Purchasing said Dec. 3.

The official purchasing managers’ index for manufacturing rose in November to the highest level in seven months and a private gauge complied by HSBC and Markit stood above 50 for the first time in 13 months, indicating that the economic recovery may gain traction.

China’s services industries accounted for 43.8 percent of its economy in the first three quarters, up 1.2 percentage points from the same period last year, Sheng Laiyun, a statistics bureau spokesman, said Oct. 18. The government is seeking to raise the ratio to 47 percent by 2015, according to a plan issued last year.

Today’s HSBC survey is based on data compiled from monthly replies to questionnaires sent to purchasing executives in more than 400 private services companies, according to today’s statement.

--Zheng Lifei. Editors: Scott Lanman, Andrew Joyce

To contact Bloomberg News staff for this story: Zheng Lifei in Beijing at

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Scott Lanman at

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