Gulf of Mexico fisheries are rebounding from the BP Plc (BP/) oil spill, landing more fish last year than in 2009, the year before the worst U.S. offshore marine disaster, the government said.
The total catch was 25 percent bigger last year than in 2009, and 55 percent more than in 2010, the National Marine Fisheries Service said today in a report. In April of that year, the Deepwater Horizon oil rig exploded, killing 11 workers and triggering a spill the government estimated at more than 4 million barrels.
“Our fisheries are on the way up,” Harlon Pearce, chairman of the Louisiana Seafood Promotion and Marketing Board, said in an interview. Some species are doing better than others, and the industry will “need another year or two of stabilization” before it’s back completely, he said.
The disaster hurt fisheries that last year provided about a fifth of the seafood landed by U.S. fishermen, a catch valued at a record $5.3 billion, according to the report. The country’s haul was the biggest in volume since 1994. The U.S. is the world’s fifth-biggest fishing nation, after China, India, Indonesia and Vietnam.
The 2011 catch from Gulf states totaled 1.984 billion pounds, up from 1.283 billion in 2010 and 1.583 billion in 2009, the National Marine Fisheries Service, a unit of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, said in the report. Landings of menhaden, a fish used mainly for oil and meal, were up 66 percent over 2010. That species accounted for much of the Gulf’s growth, while oysters, crabs and shrimp are still struggling to surpass pre-spill catches, Pearce said.
Dean Blanchard, chief executive officer of Dean Blanchard Seafood Inc., a shrimper based in Grand Isle, Louisiana, said the government statistics are misleading and fail to tell the tale of individual operations. Fishing operations are constrained by geography, because going greater distances to find fish raises transportation costs and eats profits, he said.
The company is suing BP, claiming its settlement offer comes nowhere near meeting the needs of those most affected by the spill.
London-based BP agreed in March to pay an estimated $7.8 billion to resolve most private plaintiffs’ claims for economic loss, property damage and injuries.
“We’re not recovering. Where the oil went, there’s nothing left living,” Blanchard said in a telephone interview. “I’m losing customers. I’m just stuck.” Blanchard called the proposed settlement “a joke” and said his catch is about 10 percent to 15 percent of normal.
Large amounts of weathered oil and tar that washed up last month after Hurricane Isaac came ashore along the Gulf Coast show that the spill is still affecting the region, Stuart Smith, a lawyer for hundreds of property owners and fishing and tourism businesses, said last week in a letter to the U.S. magistrate judge overseeing spill litigation.
The BP settlement, reached days before a scheduled trial on liability for the spill, doesn’t cover federal government claims and those of the Gulf Coast states.
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