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U.S. Second-Quarter Second Gross Domestic Product (Text)

August 29, 2012

Following is the text of the Gross Domestic Product from the Commerce Department.

Real gross domestic product -- the output of goods and services produced by labor and property located in the United States -- increased at an annual rate of 1.7 percent in the second quarter of 2012 (that is, from the first quarter to the second quarter), according to the “second” estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the first quarter, real GDP increased 2.0 percent.

The GDP estimate released today is based on more complete source data than were available for the “advance” estimate issued last month. In the advance estimate, the increase in real GDP was 1.5 percent (see “Revisions” on page 3).

The increase in real GDP in the second quarter primarily reflected positive contributions from personal consumption expenditures (PCE), exports, nonresidential fixed investment, and residential fixed investment that were partly offset by negative contributions from private inventory investment and from state and local government spending. Imports, which are a subtraction in the calculation of GDP, increased.

The deceleration in real GDP in the second quarter primarily reflected decelerations in PCE, in nonresidential fixed investment, and in residential fixed investment that were partly offset by a smaller decrease in federal government spending, an acceleration in exports, and a smaller decrease in private inventory investment.

FOOTNOTE. Quarterly estimates are expressed at seasonally adjusted annual rates, unless otherwise specified. Quarter-to- quarter dollar changes are differences between these published estimates. Percent changes are calculated from unrounded data and are annualized. “Real” estimates are in chained (2005) dollars. Price indexes are chain-type measures.

This news release is available on BEA’s Web site along with the Technical Note and Highlights related to this release. For information on revisions, see “Revisions to GDP, GDI, and Their Major Components.”

Motor vehicle output added 0.18 percentage point to the second-quarter change in real GDP after adding 0.72 percentage point to the first-quarter change. Final sales of computers subtracted 0.09 percentage point from the second-quarter change in real GDP after adding 0.02 percentage point to the first- quarter change.

The price index for gross domestic purchases, which measures prices paid by U.S. residents, increased 0.8 percent in the second quarter, 0.1 percentage point more than in the advance estimate; this index increased 2.5 percent in the first quarter. Excluding food and energy prices, the price index for gross domestic purchases increased 1.4 percent in the second quarter, compared with an increase of 2.4 percent in the first.

Real personal consumption expenditures increased 1.7 percent in the second quarter, compared with an increase of 2.4 percent in the first. Durable goods were unchanged, in contrast to an increase of 11.5 percent. Nondurable goods increased 0.5 percent, compared with an increase of 1.6 percent. Services increased 2.4 percent, compared with an increase of 1.3 percent.

Real nonresidential fixed investment increased 4.2 percent, compared with an increase of 7.5 percent. Nonresidential structures increased 2.8 percent, compared with an increase of 12.9 percent. Equipment and software increased 4.7 percent, compared with an increase of 5.4 percent. Real residential fixed investment increased 8.9 percent, compared with an increase of 20.5 percent.

Real exports of goods and services increased 6.0 percent in the second quarter, compared with an increase of 4.4 percent in the first. Real imports of goods and services increased 2.9 percent, compared with an increase of 3.1 percent.

Real federal government consumption expenditures and gross investment decreased 0.1 percent in the second quarter, compared with a decrease of 4.2 percent in the first. National defense decreased 0.1 percent, compared with a decrease of 7.1 percent. Nondefense decreased 0.3 percent, in contrast to an increase of 1.8 percent. Real state and local government consumption expenditures and gross investment decreased 1.4 percent, compared with a decrease of 2.2 percent.

The change in real private inventories subtracted 0.23 percentage point from the second-quarter change in real GDP, after subtracting 0.39 percentage point from the first-quarter change. Private businesses increased inventories $49.9 billion in the second quarter, following increases of $56.9 billion in the first quarter and $70.5 billion in the fourth.

Real final sales of domestic product -- GDP less change in private inventories -- increased 2.0 percent in the second quarter, compared with an increase of 2.4 percent in the first.

Gross domestic purchases

Real gross domestic purchases -- purchases by U.S. residents of goods and services wherever produced -- increased 1.4 percent in the second quarter, compared with an increase of 1.8 percent in the first.

Gross national product

Real gross national product -- the goods and services produced by the labor and property supplied by U.S. residents -- increased 2.2 percent in the second quarter, compared with an increase of 0.6 percent in the first. GNP includes, and GDP excludes, net receipts of income from the rest of the world, which increased $16.6 billion in the second quarter after decreasing $44.1 billion in the first; in the second quarter, receipts increased $0.9 billion, and payments decreased $15.6 billion.

Current-dollar GDP

Current-dollar GDP -- the market value of the nation’s output of goods and services -- increased 3.3 percent, or $127.8 billion, in the second quarter to a level of $15,606.1 billion. In the first quarter, current-dollar GDP increased 4.2 percent, or $157.3 billion.

Gross domestic income

Real gross domestic income (GDI), which measures the output of the economy as the costs incurred and the incomes earned in the production of GDP, increased 0.6 percent in the second quarter, compared with an increase of 3.8 percent in the first. For a given quarter, the estimates of GDP and GDI may differ for a variety of reasons, including the incorporation of largely independent source data. However, over longer time spans, the estimates of GDP and GDI tend to follow similar patterns of change.

Revisions

The “second” estimate of the first-quarter percent change in GDP is 0.2 percentage point, or $6.5 billion, more than the advance estimate issued last month, primarily reflecting a downward revision to imports and upward revisions to personal consumption expenditures, to exports, and to state and local government spending that were partly offset by downward revisions to private inventory investment and to nonresidential fixed investment.

Corporate Profits

Profits from current production (corporate profits with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments) increased $10.4 billion in the second quarter, in contrast to a decrease of $53.0 billion in the first quarter. Current- production cash flow (net cash flow with inventory valuation adjustment) -- the internal funds available to corporations for investment -- decreased $11.3 billion in the second quarter, compared with a decrease of $169.8 billion in the first.

Taxes on corporate income decreased $5.4 billion in the second quarter, in contrast to an increase of $83.2 billion in the first. Profits after tax with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments increased $15.6 billion in the second quarter, in contrast to a decrease of $136.2 billion in the first. Dividends increased $20.9 billion compared with an increase of $9.2 billion; current-production undistributed profits decreased $5.2 billion, compared with a decrease of $145.5 billion.

Domestic profits of financial corporations decreased $39.2 billion in the second quarter, compared with a decrease of $12.3 billion in the first. Domestic profits of nonfinancial corporations increased $30.4 billion in the second quarter, compared with an increase of $7.3 billion in the first. In the second quarter, real gross value added of nonfinancial corporations increased, and profits per unit of real value added increased. The increase in unit profits reflected an increase in unit prices and a decrease in unit nonlabor costs that was partly offset by an increase in labor costs.

The rest-of-the-world component of profits increased $19.2 billion in the second quarter, in contrast to a decrease of $48.0 billion in the first. This measure is calculated as (1) receipts by U.S. residents of earnings from their foreign affiliates plus dividends received by U.S. residents from unaffiliated foreign corporations minus (2) payments by U.S. affiliates of earnings to their foreign parents plus dividends paid by U.S. corporations to unaffiliated foreign residents. The second-quarter increase was accounted for by an increase in receipts and a decrease in payments.

Profits before tax decreased $28.0 billion in the second quarter, in contrast to an increase of $188.1 billion in the first. The before-tax measure of profits does not reflect, as does profits from current production, the capital consumption and inventory valuation adjustments. These adjustments convert depreciation of fixed assets and inventory withdrawals reported on a tax-return, historical-cost basis to the current-cost measures used in the national income and product accounts. The capital consumption adjustment decreased $1.3 billion in the second quarter (from -$200.7 billion to -$202.0 billion), compared with a decrease of $230.3 billion in the first. The large decrease in the first-quarter capital consumption adjustment mainly reflected the expiration of bonus depreciation claimed under the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization and Job Creation Act of 2010. The inventory valuation adjustment increased $39.7 billion (from -$23.7 billion to $16.0 billion) in the second quarter, in contrast to a decrease of $10.8 billion in the first.

BEA’s national, international, regional, and industry estimates; the Survey of Current Business; and BEA news releases are available without charge on BEA’s Web site at www.bea.gov. By visiting the site, you can also subscribe to receive free e- mail summaries of BEA releases and announcements.

Next release - September 27, 2012, at 8:30 A.M. EDT

SOURCE: U.S. Commerce Department, http://www.bea.gov.

To contact the reporter on this story: Chris Middleton in Washington at cmiddleton2@bloomberg.net

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Marco Babic at mbabic@bloomberg.net


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