Money-market forward indicators signaled on short-term dollar funding conditions were mixed.
The three-month London interbank offered rate, or Libor, which represents the rate at which banks say it would cost to borrow from another, was 0.46060 percent, little changed, according to the British Bankers’ Association. The Libor-OIS spread, a gauge of banks’ reluctance to lend, narrowed to 28.2 basis points from 28.5 basis points yesterday.
Overnight index swaps, or OIS, give traders predictions on where the Federal Reserve’s effective funds rate will average for the term of the swap. The central bank’s target rate is set in a range of zero to 0.25 percent.
Predictions in the forward market for Libor-OIS, known as the FRA/OIS spread, widened to 31.8 basis points from 30.3 basis point, according to the second rolling three month contracts.
The difference between the two-year swap rate and the comparable-maturity Treasury note yield, known as the swap spread, widened 0.5 basis points to 24 basis points. The gap, which is a gauge of investors’ perceptions of U.S. banking- sector credit risk as swap rates are derived from expectations for dollar Libor, touched yesterday the narrowest since August.
Swap rates serve as benchmarks for investors in many types of debt, including mortgage-backed and auto-loan securities.
The cost for European banks to convert euro-denominated payment streams into dollars-based funding via the cross currency swaps market decreased. The three-month cross-currency basis swap was 55.6 basis points below Euribor, compared with 58 basis points below yesterday.
The Euribor-OIS spread, the difference between the euro interbank offered rate and overnight indexed swaps, held steady. The measure of banks’ reluctance to lend to one another was little changed at 43 basis points.
The price on one-year cross-currency basis swaps between yen and U.S. dollars was minus 35.4 basis points, from minus 34.7 basis points yesterday. A negative swap price indicates investors are willing to receive reduced interest payments on the yen they lend in order to obtain the needed financing in dollars.
The seasonally adjusted amount of U.S. commercial paper fell $8.9 billion to $998.2 billion in the week ended June 20, the third consecutive slide, according to Federal Reserve data.
Foreign-exchange swaps are typically for periods of less than a year, while cross-currency basis swaps usually range from one to 30 years. The latter are agreements in which a person borrows in one currency and simultaneously lends in a different currency. The trade involves the exchange of two different floating-rate payments, each denominated in a different currency and based on a different index.
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