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(Updates with Google’s comment in sixth paragraph.)
Google’s plan to streamline privacy settings for some 60 different services and products on March 1 would allow the company to combine more information about users, reduce users’ control of their own data and give more personal information to advertisers, the Electronic Privacy Information Center said. The group seeks to compel the FTC to enforce the consent decree.
The lawsuit’s demands on the agency could trigger a regulatory challenge to Google’s business practices at a time when the FTC is already cracking down on how Internet companies collect and use consumer data. T
he agency’s 2011 settlement with Google over privacy, which barred sharing user data outside the company without clear permission, stemmed from a complaint filed by the advocacy group in 2010.
“To date, the FTC has failed to take any action with respect to Google’s privacy changes,” according to a copy of the complaint provided by Marc Rotenberg, executive director of the group. “The consolidation of customer information across Google services is a clear misappropriation of customer information, and presents a great threat to consumer privacy.”
The filing of the lawsuit couldn’t be immediately confirmed from federal court records in Washington.
“We’ll continue to offer choice and control over how people use Google,” Gaither added.
Cecelia Prewett, a spokeswoman for the FTC, said, “We take compliance with our consent orders very seriously and always look carefully at any evidence that they are being violated.’
The agency last year settled privacy complaints with Facebook Inc. and Twitter Inc.
Google, the world’s largest search engine, announced plans on Jan. 24 to unify privacy policies for products including YouTube videos and Android software for mobile phones, saying it will simplify conditions users agreements.
That also means Google will be able to pull together everything it knows about users from its disparate products. A consumer’s YouTube viewing history can be used to tailor results in Google Search while an individual’s search history will enable more relevant ads across Google products, Gaither said.
Users will benefit from such functions as adding an appointment to their calendar from a Gmail message or reading Google Docs within Gmail, Gaither said
EPIC claims in its lawsuit that the changes will let advertisers gain access to increased amounts of personal information. Gaither said that is incorrect.
“We are not collecting any new information or sharing it with third parties,” he said.
Google, amid growing competition from Facebook Inc.’s social networking service, is seeking increased revenue from advertisements served up on the basis of interests learned from Internet and mobile phone activity.
Competition for Ads
Facebook wrested the lead in U.S. online display ads from Yahoo! Inc. in 2011, taking a 16.3 percent share, according to researcher EMarketer Inc. Google remained in the No. 3 spot with 9.3 percent last year.
Under the consent decree announced March 30, Mountain View, California-based Google agreed it used deceptive tactics and violated its own privacy policies when it introduced its Buzz social-networking service in 2010.
The 20-year settlement bars Google from misrepresenting how it handles information and obliges the company to follow policies that protect consumer data in new products.
Google’s settlement with the FTC stems from a Feb. 16, 2010, complaint filed by EPIC. The center asked the FTC to investigate whether the Buzz social networking service harmed consumers when it automatically revealed private e-mail contacts from Google’s Gmail service to other users.
The FTC has the authority to levy fines of as much as $16,000 a day for each violation for violations of consent decrees.
The case is Electronic Privacy Information Center v. Federal Trade Commission, U.S. District Court, District of Columbia (Washington).
--With assistance from Aoife White in Brussels and Brian Womack in San Francisco. Editors: Fred Strasser, Michael Hytha
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