(Updates with Woodford comments in 12th paragraph.)
Dec. 14 (Bloomberg) -- Olympus Corp. must file a quarterly financial report to regulators in Japan today to avoid being automatically delisted from the Tokyo Stock Exchange following its admission of a 13-year cover-up of investment losses.
The stock will be removed from the world’s second-biggest bourse if the 92-year-old camera maker fails to register its statement at the Financial Services Agency by 5:15 p.m. in Tokyo, according to TSE rules. Olympus last month delayed the filing pending the findings of an independent investigation into schemes that used inflated payments for acquisitions to hide about $1.5 billion in losses from the 1990s.
Olympus still needs to convince the TSE its problems were restricted to a “rotten” group of senior management, most of whom have left the company. Shareholders Southeastern Asset Management Inc. and Nippon Life Insurance Co. have signaled they want Olympus to stay listed, while some investors say Japan should send a clear message that illegal behavior will be punished to restore confidence in corporate governance.
“It makes no sense unless Olympus gets delisted,” said Ichiro Takamatsu, who doesn’t hold the stock in the $2 billion of securities he helps oversee at Bayview Asset Management Co. in Tokyo. “Still, I get the feeling it’s more likely that the company will remain publicly traded.”
Olympus slumped as much as 81 percent, wiping $7.1 billion from its market value, since the Oct. 14 dismissal of Michael Woodford as chief executive officer after he challenged the company’s board over the takeover costs. The shares have recouped more than half that loss as investors bet the fallout from the scandal will be contained.
Olympus fell 1.5 percent to 1,349 yen as of 11:10 a.m. on the Tokyo Stock Exchange, after rising as much as 3.3 percent.
Clearing today’s reporting hurdle doesn’t keep Olympus safe from delisting. The Tokyo-based company remains on the TSE’s watchlist pending a review by the bourse’s regulation unit. The exchange may still remove the stock if it considers the cover-up had a “significant” impact, though the rules are unclear about how that is defined.
Olympus said it will file amendments to its financial statements dating back to 2007, and needs the auditors it deceived on earlier earnings to sign off. A company found to have falsified a securities report, or which fails to win a clean approval by its auditor, will be put on review for delisting, according to TSE rules.
Three former Olympus chairmen and at least three senior aides were “rotten to the core,” according to the Dec. 6 findings of the investigative panel. Others “involved in the fraudulent accounting one way or the other” should be “fully eliminated” from the company, it said.
The company’s corporate culture created “yes men” who failed to stop or denounce senior managers, the panel said. The failure of Olympus’s corporate governance eroded all Japanese companies’ credibility and highlighted the need to break from a tradition of unthinking deference to superiors, it said.
Woodford returned to Tokyo last night and appeared before opposition lawmakers considering changes to the country’s corporate governance laws today. He addresses a panel of the governing party this afternoon.
The 51-year-old Briton has said he wants to return to run the company, and that the entire board that fired him must leave. Woodford today said he would play no part in any sale of the camera maker, adding a management buyout is unnecessary. Instead, he plans to propose a new slate of management and has reached out to Olympus President Shuichi Takayama in a bid to avoid any proxy fights at a shareholder meeting due by late February at the earliest.
Takayama has said he wants to win back investor confidence by revamping management and carrying out an internal inquiry to find other executives involved in the cover-up. Takayama last week said the entire board was prepared to stand down once a recovery plan was in place for the company and that shareholders would get to vote on new management.
The panel’s review traced a global network of mostly Japanese advisers who used overseas deposits and offshore paper companies to hide impaired financial assets.
Olympus, the world’s biggest maker of endoscopes, inflated fees for advisers and overpaid for companies it bought with the intention of increasing goodwill, the panel said. Hisashi Mori, fired as executive vice president, and Hideo Yamada, a former company auditor, planned to write down the goodwill over years to cancel out the hidden losses.
The exposure of the scheme may mean Olympus has to cancel some of its goodwill, the panel said. Goodwill, an intangible long-term asset on the balance sheet, was 168 billion yen ($2.2 billion), as of June 30, 2011.
There may also be further disclosures to come. Olympus held an 18 percent stake in Axes Asset Management, an affiliate of the advisory firm accused of aiding the cover-up, documents filed in 2007 with Japan’s Ministry of Finance show.
Olympus was the third-largest investor in the company, according to the March 19, 2007, document, obtained after a disclosure request made a month ago by Bloomberg News. While last week’s 185-page report from the outside panel traced links to Axes bankers back to the 1980s, it made no mention of a financial tie-up.
Founded in 1919 as a microscope and thermometer business, Olympus produced its first camera in 1936 and its first “gastrocamera,” a predecessor to the modern-day endoscope, in 1950, according to its website.
Olympus now controls 75 percent of the global market for endoscopes, instruments doctors use to look inside the body cavity to help detect disease and assess injuries.
In 1987, President Toshiro Shimoyama announced a strategy to strengthen the company’s investments after operating profit fell by half due to the yen’s gain, according to the panel led by former Supreme Court Judge Tatsuo Kainaka. Investment losses began to swell after the Japanese stock market crashed in 1989. They reached about 100 billion yen in 1998, when executives resorted to financial trickery to hide them, the report said.
Repeated attempts to reach Olympus executives accused of being involved in the schemes have failed.
Investigators in Japan, the U.S. and U.K. are still probing the transactions.
--With assistance from Masaaki Iwamoto, Sachiko Sakamaki and John Brinsley in Tokyo. Editors: Ben Richardson, Teo Chian Wei
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