June 20 (Bloomberg) -- Oil fell to the lowest in four months in New York, bringing its loss from this year’s peak to 20 percent, on speculation a weakening global economy and Greece’s debt crisis will lead to reduced fuel demand.
Futures slid as much as 2 percent, erasing this year’s gains, as European governments failed to agree on releasing a loan payout to spare Greece from default and Japan’s exports dropped in May more than forecast. Crude traded for a second day below its 200-day moving average, a major technical-support level. Today’s low marked a 20 percent decline from its 2011 settlement high in April, the sign of a bear market.
“The fear is that a Greek tragedy will lead to another 2008-style recession that will drive prices lower,” said Thorbjoern Bak Jensen, an analyst at Global Risk Management in Middelfart, Denmark. “But I think that the European Union will consider Greece too big to fail.”
Crude for July delivery fell as much as $1.87 to $91.14 a barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange. That’s the lowest intraday price since Feb. 22 and below $91.38, the final settlement price of 2010. The contract was at $91.93 at 1:07 p.m. London time.
Futures reached a 2011 settlement high of $113.93 on April 29. A 20 percent decline is typically considered to be an indicator of a bear market. The July contract expires tomorrow. August futures are down $1.11, or 1.2 percent, at $92.29.
Brent oil for August delivery on the London-based ICE Futures Europe exchange fell as much as $1.79, or 1.6 percent, to $111.42 a barrel. The price is up 18 percent this year.
Oil in New York is trading below its 200-day moving average, currently at $92.30 a barrel, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Prices are also below the lower Bollinger Band at $92.99, a technical indicator that may signal the market has fallen too far.
Euro-area finance ministers pushed Greece to pass laws to cut its deficit and sell state assets. They left open whether the country will get the full 12 billion euros ($17.1 billion) promised for July as part of a bailout package agreed on last year, according to Luxembourg Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker, after chairing a crisis meeting in his country. Decisions on the next payout and a three-year follow-up package were put off until early next month.
“The major influence continues to be the European situation,” said Ben Westmore, a minerals and energy economist at National Australia Bank Ltd. in Melbourne. “If you look at what happened to the oil price during the financial crisis you can see that these events have a big impact. There is this tone of a global slowing in the economy.”
Japan’s exports decreased 10.3 percent from a year earlier after April’s 12.4 percent drop, the Finance Ministry said today. The median estimate of 25 economists surveyed by Bloomberg News was for an 8.4 percent decline.
The International Monetary Fund cut its forecast for U.S. growth in 2011, warning of setbacks to the economic recovery with potential contagion from Europe’s debt crisis.
The U.S. will expand 2.5 percent this year, down from the 2.8 percent projected in April, the Washington-based fund said June 17. It sees the world economy expanding 4.3 percent this year, compared with 4.4 percent in April.
Hedge funds and other speculators boosted wagers on crude rising in the seven days ended June 14, the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission said in its weekly Commitment of Traders report. Net-long bets climbed by 3,398 futures and options combined, or 1.8 percent, to 194,372. That was the first increase in three weeks.
Crude may decrease this week on signals economic growth in the U.S. and China will slow, curbing fuel use in the world’s biggest oil-consuming countries, according to a Bloomberg News survey. Eighteen of 38 analysts and traders, or 47 percent, forecast prices will decline through June 24.
Thirteen respondents, or 34 percent, predicted oil will increase and seven estimated there will be little change. Last week, 54 percent of respondents said futures would drop.
--With assistance from Christian Schmollinger and Yee Kai Pin in Singapore. Editors: John Buckley, Raj Rajendran
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