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Day Care: An Office Affair

More employers should provide care for their workers’ children. Pro or con?

Pro: Happy Parents, Kids, and Corporations

It’s obvious what working parents gain from on-site day-care programs: reliable, safe, and convenient care for their children. But what do the employers get out of it?

Let’s start with happier and more productive employees.

In a report by the National Conference of State Legislatures, employers cite child-care issues as causing more problems than any other family-related issue in the workplace, with increases in absenteeism and tardiness reported in nine out of 10 companies. And 80% of the companies surveyed said that work days were cut short because of child-care problems.

Child care benefits the employers who sponsor it by improving employee morale, reducing turnover and absenteeism, and increasing productivity.

And pampering bottoms might just help the bottom line. A cost-benefit study conducted by Cynthia Ransom and Sandra Burud at the Union Bank in Pasadena, Calif., showed the institution’s on-site day-care program saved it $138,000 to $232,000 in annual operations costs, due to the reduction in both turnover and absenteeism.

Child-care services enable employers to gain wage savings, too. For the book Kids at Work: The Value of Employer-Sponsored On-Site Child Care Centers, authors Rachel Connelly, Deborah S. DeGraff, and Rachel A. Willis studied hundreds of employer-sponsored child-care programs and interviewed some 1,000 employees. Their research demonstrates on-site day care is not only affordable but also profitable. The researchers estimated savings in wages of $150,000 and $250,000 for just two companies that provided on-site day care.

A majority of workers were willing to pay, on average, $125 to $225 per year to subsidize on-site day care—whether or not they had young children. That’s right—even nonparents said they’d chip in, because they believed it would help raise morale and increase productivity.

"It shouldn’t be so surprising that people who work with one another for five or more years should care about one another and that that actually translates into economic behavior," says Connelly. Kids at Work, she notes, offers some models for calculating the benefits.

"Maybe your CEO or HR person can take a risk," adds Connelly. "It can be a case of, ‘If you build it, they will come.’"

Con: Get Real About What Employers Can Do

Employer-provided on-site day care won’t solve the child-care problem for working families, and in many cases is unrealistic. Let’s face a relevant fact: The real burden of caring for children falls disproportionately on women, who in the U.S. still perform twice as much child care and domestic work as men.

How many working women have employers who could consider providing such services? In the U.S., professional managerial women make up only about 8% of the female workforce, whereas 27% of women hold low-wage blue-collar jobs.

A third of all families with children have incomes not far above the federal poverty level. In New York City, single working mothers (many of them employed in the service sector) suffer the highest rates of poverty. Do we really believe their employers will take up the expense of caring for their children?

Besides, large or small, no employer should be in the business of child care, any more than it should run on-site hospitals, dental clinics, or high schools. On average, children under the age of 5 with working mothers spend 36 hours per week in some type of care. In an era when fewer Americans receive health insurance through work (only 55% now, and the numbers are declining), tying essential child-care services to employment is unrealistic, a poor strategy that doesn’t serve the interests of either working families or businesses.

Families need flexible work schedules, including longer, paid maternity leave for mothers and fathers; access to quality part-time jobs; pre-K and afterschool programs; universal health coverage; and an end to the gender discrimination that privileges men’s work and careers at the expense of women’s earning power.

Evidence suggests paid maternity leave keeps women in the workforce, increases their productivity, and ultimately contributes to the overall competitiveness of the U.S. workforce.

Publicly financed European models offer gender parity, flexible time that’s responsive to the changing needs of maturing families, and increased competitiveness for companies freed from the high 30% benefits load typically carried by U.S. businesses.

On-site day care would seem to promise the best of both worlds—employees working away at maximum productivity while their children are safe and sound—but that’s an illusion. Infants must be nursed. Sick children need to go to the doctor. Eighth-graders need supervision after school.

Nearly all parents, mothers and fathers, wish they had more time for their kids. But the answer isn’t to bring them to work.

Opinions expressed in the above Debate Room essays are for the sake of argument and do not necessarily reflect the views of BusinessWeek,, or The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Reader Comments


Every little bit helps. Yes, it's not a cure-all. But it helps. Stop whining about needing a Big Picture fix and bashing anything that's not Big Picture. Just implement as many fixes as possible and get it done already. Jeez!


As Ms. Adams correctly points out, "Infants must be nursed. Sick children need to go to the doctor. Eighth-graders need supervision after school." Will the day-care people nurse the infants, and will they take them to the doctor? It sounds like a good idea, but I wonder how workable it is. Kids need their parents to take care of them, not some day-care worker. Flexible work schedules and extended maternity leaves are better choices. It seems to be working in Europe and Scandinavia.


The pro and con sides aren't mutually exclusive. Even with longer maternity leaves and flexible work hours, sooner or later most of us have to go back to work, be it the office or the assembly line. Having affordable day care at work would solve a lot of problems, including the cost of care and the double commute&emdash;to the day-care center and then on to work.

Mike M

If the business can afford it as a benefit, then by all means. But most businesses can't afford it. That's the bottom line. Might as well talk about full medical insurance, nap rooms, cafeterias, driving ranges, and half-pipes on company premises. Some ideas just cost too much.


There's a worldwide labor glut, so American companies don't need to provide these costly services. Just hire someone with no kids, and cut costs. The savings can be passed on to shareholders.


It's one more benefit that helps some employees at the expense of others. I've seen enough places where benefits designed to be family-friendly instead make the company very single- or childless-unfriendly.

I have a friend whose employer has a point system. The employees can then choose which benefits (insurance coverage and premiums, parking, concert tickets, etc.) are worth it to them.

Alcid p Forcier

I do not shop at Wal-Mart any more, because every time I go there and find a product that I think is a good buy, when I get it to the register, it is another price.


Let's get real. We don't need either on-site child care or flexible schedules; we need both on-site child care and flexible schedules.

On-site child care is beneficial primarily to parents with younger children. Once they're at school, however, flexibility is key.


It's true that babies need to be nursed, and older kids need after-school care. Mothers can pump their milk, or have time to nurse their kids if they're in an office day-care setting. If a company can have a care facility for infants and young kids, then it could also have an after-school program for older kids. Having a day-care center or after-school program close to office parks or factories would be another solution. Yet another solution would be for some people to work from home, if their job allows it (obviously this isn't an option for an assembly line worker).

All kids get sick, so all parents need flexible schedules.


As a full-time working mother, I would love to see any benefit for kids and work. Unfortunately, we live in a society where both parents (if there are 2) have no choice but to work full time in order to make ends meet. So, I would love to see any benefit come my way. I currently work at a job where I get no paid maternity leave, and no benefits of flexibility when my child is sick, etc. I would much rather take job flexibility over on-site daycare. But then again, I will take anything at this point!


I was a working mother of young children, and I would have paid a premium to have my children in care close to my office. By premium, I mean I actually would have paid more than I did at a private pre-school. I'm sure I'm not alone. I would have eliminated at least 30 minutes of pick-up and drop-off time every day, and I also would have had the added benefit of getting to know my co-workers with children better, which would have been a big morale booster. I don't think companies need to make this a "benefit." They simply need to facilitate it.


My wife and I are both working full time. Hence the challenge for both of us has always been to work out the 30-60 minutes transit time and the unpredicatable traffic during the peak period. The problem is even worse when one of us is away for a business trip.
If nothing else, having on-site day care would sure help to reduce the traffic issue.


Special benefits should not be given to people with kids. How about those taking care of sick parents? Pets? Why should those with kids get preferential treatment? Working from home is a good solution for everyone whenever possible. This protects the environment and helps those who have to care for others.


Having on-site day care would also in the long run shorten the length of maternity leave and save employers money there. I know I'd be willing to go back sooner, because my child would be so close and I could schedule nursing breaks (think about all those smokers taking smoke breaks!) into my day.

richard fletcher

My name is Richard Fletcher, and I am attending the University of Phoenix. I am writing a final project on convincing my company of a new service that they need, and I am choosing to write about a new day care in the company. Any information on how to convince the owner, manager, two employees, and building facilities manager that we need a new day care would be very helpful.

Tanya Seau

I am currently enrolled at the University of Phoenix and working on my final project on convincing my company of my new proposal to add day care, and I have been doing a lot of research. I myself have kids, and to have day care inside my workplace would definitely be a benefit for me. It would help me with the traffic and save money on gas. I live in California, and the traffic is horrible and the gas prices are high as ever. I wouldn't have to worry about sitters during the school breaks and taking time off during the summer to watch or arrange day care. That right there is a big benefit as when the kids are out of school, it's very hard to find day care. My kids are in middle and elementary school.

Natalie Mclaughlin

My name is Natalie, and I am also attending the University of Phoenix. I have chosen the same topic for my final project. I think that child care should be a benefit option that companies offer. I was working full time and had my one-year-old in day care, I spent almost as much in day care as I made, and I had to drive across town to pick up my daughter after I got off. I ended up quitting, because it would be better for me to take care of my daughter and make a little less money than to work to pay for day care. If I would have worked for a company that would have offered day care, I would have been happy to pay as much money for day care, because I would have saved money in the long run not having to drive back and forth all over town. I would like to say good luck on your presentation to the two people who are attending UOP.


I am also doing my project on day care in the workforce. I have two children, and one of them is in day care. I think that it would benefit so many people to have day care within the workforce.


I am also attending the University of Phoenix and am using this topic for my final presentation. I have four children, and I would love to have the opportunity to bring my daughter to a day-care facility within my workplace. This would save countless hours of drive time. With the economy the way it is and gas prices so high, think of the cost effectiveness of having such an opportunity.

Lilithe Priscilla

Many are stuck on the "some companies just can't afford it" kick. But did you miss the part where it said companies have saved up to $225,000? Hello. Don't you think that children deserve to have their parents close and vice verse? No, the child care worker won't take that child to the doctor or nurse the child, But that's what breast pumps are for. It is safer and less stressful on the hard-working mother. If the child gets sick, that child-care worker can call the parent's extension, and the mother doesn't have to worry about traffic or getting to the baby on time. She or he is less stressed about his or her child's wealth fare, thus more focused on his or her own duties at work.


I feel that the companies that can afford it should have on site day care. If not, then there's nothing that can be done. Yet to start a new trend, always bring in benefits for employers and workers. I feel that it is a start to help with the problems both employees and workers face. And there can be an on-site nurse if the child gets sick who would help out greatly.


I am attending Axia College of the University of Phoenix. I thought my idea for a final project of opening a day care was original. Guess great minds think alike. Hope you all did well on your projects, and hope that I get an A.


I myself attend the University of Phoenix, and I am also doing day care in the office as my final project. Guess others were on the same page as me. Oh well, may we all get A's!


Wow, I am really surprised that so many of us have the same idea. I also attend University of Phoenix, Axia College, and this is what I chose for my final project.


I am also at the University of Phoenix doing the same type of project. I am really thrilled to hear that so many people feel the same need for an on-site child care facility. I have two children and have been out of work for seven months because I am trying to find a job that constitutes the cost of child care.


I am also enrolled at the University of Phoenix, and doing my final project on a day-care center in the office building. I would appreciate any help from anyone that has done this.


Hello, fellow University of Phoenix, Axia College, students. I am also doing my final project on on-site child care. I think it is a great idea, but I'm not having any luck finding articles about the money the companies are saving because employees are not taking off because of child care issues. Can anyone help with this?

Traci Rhoden

I did my final project on on-site day care centers and was shocked by the overwhelming response I read on this particular Web site. This goes to show that it's not just a fleeting thought. It's a necessity for morale and productivity. Again, it's a win-win situation.


It is so amazing to see this many people who have done their final projects on providing a day-care center at the job site, and all this time I thought I came up with a brilliant idea. Hope everyone did fine. Wish me luck.


I just wanted to say that I'm doing on-site day care as my final project for a class also. There are pros and cons to everything, but if an employer has the money and the ability to do this, it would help so much in this hard economic time with everything costing so much. Parents have to work so long and so hard that we miss so much of our kids lives. Any little bit would help. As for patriot's comment, that is not only sexist and discriminating but also wholly disgusting that you can say not to hire someone simply because they have children. What kind of a person are you? Obviously, not a parent.


I am also a UOP student doing a final project on on-site day care, and the search engines are yielding the same results over and over. If anyone can help me find more info, please e-mail me at


Wow! Another student at UOP here. This topic seems to have hit the pavement running full force. Good luck to all of you. If you are having trouble researching online, can I suggest visiting your local Child Care Council? And don't forget the university library.


OK, so I am not so original in my thinking. I, too, am an Axia student working on my final project. Wow, we should all get together and sign petition. I was a single mom for a long time and wouldn't have missed near as many days as I did at work had there been the option of on-site day care. Also, I'm with Jessie. How dare you, Patriot, be so discriminatory? Who are you to tell me as a parent I do not deserve the same employment opportunities as someone with no children?


Patriot if you were an employer you would be fighting constant law suits, and ignorance of the law is no excuse.


You know it is not something simple, but look at it this way - how many companies share space in large downtown offices? So if every building and every company within that building had access wouldn’t they cut costs? Improve income? Yes, children do need their parents, but today when so many people think they need that big house and new cars and all the frills many can not come to terms with losing those perks when a baby is born.

I suppose if more moms were willing to go with out that big house and new car, the designer coffee, getting their hair done once a month, and manicures and pedicures, this wouldn’t be an issue. We need to step back and look at what we can do without in order to raise our own children with good morals. What 10-year-old needs a cell phone? What they need is to feel important and to have the proper raising to become strong adults, not a money and power hungry pack a wolves, like the ones we’re raising.


Wow, wow, wow. I truly can't believe the ignorance as well as complete lack of compassion for your fellow man/woman in some of these responses. I'm a working mother of two. I'm married and my husband works as well. I worked from home for 5 years, 3 of them with small infants. I dare any woman to make that situation work. I live a modest life, I have a reasonable home, no cable TV, I don't get monthly manicures, and I cut my hair for the first 3 years of my son's life. Even if you live modestly, it's not a 1-income world we live in by any stretch of the imagination, especially with kids and working from home with small children. It's like sleep walking permanently. I guarantee you that. Is there a perfect solution? Probably not, but just think if this world had more community thinkers and fewer self-centered ones what we could accomplish together.


Hi my name is Marie, and I am also a UOP Axia College student. It seems that a lot of us have the same idea for the project--good luck to all. What I was so appalled by is that so many people are looking at this as a benefit for only working parents and special treatment. If parents have on-site day care, then it is a whole lot easier to be able to get to work on time and have fewer absent days, which in turn co-workers have to pick up--hence overtime, later lunches, fewer vacation slots. I understand that if someone doesn't have children how they feel it is a special treatment and most parents are not asking for special treatment; they just want to be successful and know their children are safe. In this day and age whether you have a single-parent or two-parent home, there are not many solutions for parents to work from home. Everyone wants to complain about the benefits that government pays to parents who have to get governmental assistance. Well, when you have to choose a lower-paying job to be able to have the flexible schedule so that you can be home with your children and not have such an enormous day-care bill, then you, as the old saying goes, tend to be between a rock and a hard place. I wish people wouldn't be so self-centered as if they are getting the short end of the stick--it is a benefit for not only employees but parents trying to support their children and make sure they're safe and try not to have to live off the government to do so. I believe that some people should open their minds and actually look at the pros and cons of the subject before they are upset that they don't benefit, so why do anything for anyone else. That is part of the problem. Everyone is out for themselves and what they can get I think that we should consider uniting more and try to make this world a better place for all, not just one group or another.

Nicole Hodges

I am so surprised to see this many people from UOP have visited this site. I have a final project due and I am doing my project on day care in the workplace. It seems to me everyone that has commented has kids. Wow! I hope everyone did great. I hope I get an A.

Ashley Whitaker

Hey, everyone. I am also doing day care at the workplace as my UOP final project. Good luck!


Wow. I see a lot of reponses here. I am also doing day care for my final project at UOP.


Hello everyone. I am also working on my final project. I asked my instructor if he knew any goods web sites to help with my final project. I am so surprised that so many of us are doing the same project. Then again, it is understandable that most parents want a safe haven for their kids, and being nearby is also a plus. I was a breast-feeding mom. It makes it so much easier to walk down the hall or ride the elevator to feed my son. Takes away from having to use the awful pump. Being able to have quality time with your kids on breaks makes everything better and relieves the stress the parents feel by having to enroll their kids in day care.


I am also enrolled in UOP and I am doing my final on day care. I didn't realize it was this popular.

Momma J

Hi. I am no longer a working mom. I was for many years. It would have been so much easier if I had been able to have a day care center where I worked. Nowadays it would be wonderful for families. My grandson was at a day care center that was not where either parent worked and it cost my grandbaby his face. He was mauled by a dog the day care operator had. It would be so much safer and more convenient for families. The safety of children is where we need to look. Children would be much safer at a parents' work than at a strangers home. Plus nursing moms would not have to fight so hard to tend to the newborns. It.s a great idea. I hope more companies go to offering it.


I, too, am an Axia student doing my final project on workplace day care.

Wow, Patriot: Get a clue already. In the economy today, both parents need to work in order to support the family. Just because we have children does not mean we should not be hired for a position. I guess those of us with children could just stay at home and not work and live on state-provided help (eg., food stamps, Medicaid), but then that comes out of your pocket. So which would you prefer? The benefits of a workplace day care far outweighs the cons in my opinion.


I am an Axia student also working on my final project. I thought a day-care center was a great idea. I guess others had the same idea. I am a stay at home mom, mainly because day-care costs are so expensive. If I worked, I would pay most of my paycheck in day care cost. It's hard to live on one income these days, but we have to do it. I worked in a day-care center before I had children of my own and know how they are. So I thought a day-care center in the workplace would be perfect. For me as a mom, it would be hard leaving my babies, so a day-care center in my workplace would be perfect. Good luck to all the Axia students.

Christina Carter

I also attend UOP. I cannot believe how many of us see this as an issue. I wonder if our instructor knows that we've been discussing this on our own free time, or if it was planned. Good luck to everyone!


I, too, am a University of Phoenix student, and this is one of two things I am using for my final project. But not just a regular day car--mine will include elder care, sick child care, after school programs, and emergency shelter for those who have lost their homes.


I am truly surprised by the university students working on the same project. But most of us are mothers. Most men don't think outside the box. I truly feel the pros, but the cons lost me. There are companies all over the world that have a full service deli which only provides minimal returns. I am not asking for free services only on-site. Which not only gives employees a place to bring their children but brings in monthly income for the company.


I am also a UOP student, with the same project idea of opening a day care site in the workplace. I'm a single mother, since 2000 when my husband died. I have been out of the workforce since 1990 when my oldest daughter was born, with a learning disorder. We knew it would be hard, but I wanted to be home with all my kids. Since they're all older now and I'm retraining to enter the workplace again, I'm seeing a trend, and a problem with opening day cares in the workforce which need to be dealt with as a whole.


Hi everyone,

I am a relatively new father. My daughter is 9 months now. There are at least a dozen people in my office with kids between 1 month and 1 year old. We would all love some sort of on-site childcare option, particularly to save money. Childcare in SoCal is expensive.
Have any of you who worked on this issue as a school project had any success? I'm looking for some kind of model or business plan L could present to HR. Thanks and good luck to all of you.


Patriot, if everyone thought like you, no one would want to have children in the first place. Financially, children are nothing more than an 18-year or 22-year outward flow of cash in the form of food, diapers, day-care, medical bills, school tuition, and college. You might want kids one day, so if you make it to the age of 70 without impregnating anyone, then the on-site day care benefits truly wouldn't have applied to you. Maybe you could tell us all, "I told you so," and we'll reimburse you. Your mother raised you. If she had accessible daycare, she would be more successful and (by the transitive axiom), so would you. You could have been a more successful person because of it.

Dogbert and Cathy, pet-care and elderly-care aren't viable. You can't bring your grandma with Alzheimer's to work anymore than you can bring your tarantula or your sick ferret. Emergency shelter is for post-Katrina, not for the workplace.

UOP students--obviously this teacher is giving the same final project every semester.

Kudos to you students raising kids in college. I was two when my dad started his MBA and my sister was born in the second year.

I'm not American, so I don't know anything about this, but aren't there (decent) government sponsored day cares? They could make an entire network with strategic locations, especially in the downtown condos. I work in one myself, so I know that would definitely be viable.


Actually, Debora, we have to decided on our own what to do. We read a article, take a challenge, and come up with the idea on our own. All the instructor does is approve or disapprove of the assignment. So we all came up with the idea on our own. At least I know I did. I, too, am attending UoP and have selected the same project.


Well, every parent in the working world will be glad to know fresh young college minds are still championing their cause. I, too, am a UoP student who thought he had an original an novel idea. Somehow I think my instructor has heard this argument before. Anyway, I am a guy and I do not have kids, but facts speak for themselves. It makes dollars and sense, and it is one small step toward a better economy.

Auntie Bitsy

What about government funding? If we can get funding and grants for college, why not for a day care at work? I am also doing my final project for UoP on a child care at work, seems like it's a very popular idea. Why haven't we solved it? We need to have funding for something like this so more people can go back to work and have better lives and lower the poverty levels.


Some of these "debate" answers are appalling! I am a single mother with 2 children and have been in the workforce for 15 years--and let me tell you that finding dependable, affordable and safe child care is almost impossible sometimes. Being a parent is a full-time job besides the 40-50 hours a week I have to work. A lot of what I have read comes from ignorant and assuming (and we all know how that's spelled!) people who do not have any idea that in a good parents' life that kids come first. A big house and fancy car and manicures? Please! I get like one new pair of shoes a year while I have to buy a new wardrobe for each child every season. To be able to spend more time than a few hours a day with my kids would be the best thing on earth! If I could find an on-site day-care facility I wouldn't choose it because I want to be able to spend more money on me. I would take advantage of being able to have lunch with my kids, carpooling with them back and forth to work. Get a clue and have a heart. I bust my hump for my kids so if I had the opportunity to make it easier on all of us, I would use it.


I swear I thought my idea was original. I'm waiting to see if my instructor likes the idea. That or a gym.


It's February 2010. I, too, am an Axia student doing my final project. I really and truly thought that my idea for an on-site child-care center was never thought of. I'm just blown away.


It's March 2010, I'm not an Axia student, but a student nonetheless and doing my final project on onsite day care centers. I would appreciate any additional sources some of you have received as I keep finding the same information over and over. I have two children, both under the age of 5 and I work full time. I knew the idea of kids in the workplace wasn't original; there are several companies that have made it work already. I just think that individuals without kids should be more open minded. I mean, would you rather do my job for me because my day care is shut down for the day and I couldn't find replacement care? Or would you rather have my child in the same building, every day, with no risk of me having to call in because I couldn't find last minute care? Or, would you like for me to leave the office for several hours because my daughter had an accident and I had to drive all the way to her care center because they 'don't handle accidents, its a biohazard'? I'd rather step away from my desk for about the length of your smoke break and handle the situation and return to my desk to continue productivity. Paycheck saved, and so was your workday. No one likes doing extra work because people are missing.


I am an Ivy Tech student. I am a mom and a grandma--my boys are 1 and 2, and my granddaughter is 3. I am researching this not only for a school topic, but to try to open one when I open my own practice.


On site day care is a great idea for our final project I am glad that we all choose it I think that our power points should be given to companies around the world so they can see the importance. As for these idiots that think it is a dumb idea to allow day care, here is a thought for you: Not everyone gets sick or needs a vacation and once upon a time that was the agruement--think about the perks that you use before you dis the ones you don't. Good luck to everyone with finals. I attend Axia too and hope that we all make a good grade on it.


Has anyone ever considered the fact that most day cares close at 6pm while several businesses that cater to the 9-5 wokers stay open late and those employees have to find someone to watch their children? Now I have several friends that are single parents and they are constantly calling each other to baby sit. I don't know about you, but if you have spare time you don't want to spend it watching someone else's child. Not to mention that it costs on average $700 a month for child care for 1 child and the average pay wage in the U.S. is $10 per hour, which comes out to $1600 gross. So that is almost half of a single parents monthly wages, not including other costs like rent. I work every day 1pm-9pm, and I have gotten into some sticky situations when it comes to finding a baby sitter for my 2-year-old daughter. If I knew that I could drop my daughter off at a facility that was close to my job and/or open while I am at work, then by all means if the costs were taken straight out of my check I would do it. Because it's more about the safty of my child than me going to work. But I see it this way: At least I am working instead of living off of the government.

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