Fast Food

McDonald's All-Day Breakfast: Why the Delay?


McDonald's All-Day Breakfast: Why the Delay?

Courtesy McDonald's

(An earlier version of this story ran online.)

In the 1993 film Falling Down, Michael Douglas enters a fast-food restaurant and orders breakfast. The worker behind the counter informs Douglas he’s a few minutes too late, and suddenly Douglas becomes totally unhinged. Twenty years later breakfast still ends too early for many people—10:30 on weekdays and 11 on weekends—at most McDonald’s (MCD) restaurants. So when Don Thompson, the company’s president and chief executive officer, said on CNBC in late April that he was considering serving breakfast all day, a lot of Americans thought it was about time.

Not so fast. Back in 2006, then-CEO Jim Skinner announced that the chain was considering operational improvements that would make it possible to offer breakfast 24 hours a day. “It’s a concept for now—no specifics yet,” Heidi Barker Sa Shekhem, vice president for global communications, writes in an e-mail in response to a request for an update. (A few breakfast items are offered all day in select countries.)

Breakfast accounts for only one-quarter of McDonald’s U.S. sales, but it dominates the market. A 2012 study by Scarborough found that among the adults who said they’d eaten a fast-food breakfast in the prior month, 48 percent had visited a McD’s.

But all-day breakfast? “It’s been tried and failed repeatedly. It just makes the operation too complicated,” says Richard Adams, a restaurant-franchisee consultant in San Diego and former McDonald’s restaurant owner. He says the chain has conducted test runs in a few stores over the years. (There are about 14,100 McDonald’s stores in the U.S.)

One of the biggest obstacles to a McDonald’s breakfast 24/7 is logistical. There may not be enough “grill capacity” to cook both eggs and burgers, says Don Boodel, who owns two McDonald’s restaurants in the Denver area. And burgers, like other meat, need to be cooked at a higher temperature than eggs. At breakfast, the crew cooks the bacon and sausage ahead of time. That solution might not be possible during a busy lunch shift. Then there’s the scrambled egg. “It’s something you’ve got to dedicate yourself to, stirring the eggs,” Adams says. “You’ve got to keep them moving; you can’t just let them sit there.” During peak times, McDonald’s already struggles to quickly serve drive-in customers, says Darren Tristano, executive vice president at research firm Technomic. About 65 percent of McDonald’s U.S. business comes from customers in their cars.

Another problem with all-day breakfast is that the morning fare costs less than lunch or dinner meals, so some customers might trade down. Still, “there’s nothing better on the menu than breakfast,” says Barry Klein, a former franchisee who is now a marketing consultant in Chicago. “The value is sensational. And there’s a slightly healthier halo to what they serve then.” (The Sausage, Egg & Cheese McGriddle excepted: It has 550 calories and 31 grams of fat.)

Klein and other interested observers suggest that restaurants could offer only the breakfast sandwiches all day; they’re easier to make and sell better than pancakes and scrambled eggs anyway. Or they could experiment with serving breakfast until noon, suggests Tristano of Technomic. Until then, he says, there’s always the (once) secret Mc10:35. Customers arriving minutes late for breakfast can often prevail on McDonald’s crew to put leftover eggs from the Egg McMuffins on their burgers.

The bottom line: Franchisees say McDonald’s has tried all-day breakfast before—and failed. One hurdle: labor-intensive menu items such as scrambled eggs.

Susan-berfield-photo-200x200
Berfield writes about retailers, restaurants, and other consumer companies for Bloomberg Businessweek. Follow her on Twitter @susanberfield.
Patton is a reporter for Bloomberg News in Chicago.

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  • MCD
    (McDonald's Corp)
    • $100.37 USD
    • -0.21
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