Shares of some of Massey Energy's competitors rose to 52-week highs Tuesday after a huge underground explosion killed 25 miners and shut down production at one of the coal producer's West Virginia mines for what likely will be a lengthy period.
Massey Energy Co.'s shares fell more than 11 percent as plans were in the works to try to rescue four coal miners still missing in the aftermath of the Upper Big Branch mine explosion Monday, the worst U.S. mining disaster since 1984.
The accident comes as the market for the type of coal produced at the mine where the explosion occurred has tightened because of rebounding demand from steel producers in China and India. Massey, Alpha Natural Resources Inc., Patriot Coal Corp. and Walter Energy Inc. all mine metallurgical coal for use in steel manufacturing. Walter sells most of its coal overseas.
As Massey's shares slumped Tuesday, shares of Alpha, Patriot and Walter hit 52-week highs, before paring some of those gains. Most analysts consider Alpha, based in Abingdon, Va., and Patriot, based St. Louis, to be direct competitors to Massey.
Alpha Natural and Patriot Coal "will benefit from the current met coal tightness, and the fact that the good quality high-volatile market appears to have just gotten tighter," Brean Murray, Carret & Co. analyst Jeremy Sussman wrote in a note to investors.
Walter, which is based in Tampa, Fla., has met coal mines in Alabama at the southern tip of the Appalachian coal region. Some analysts said the benefit to Walter may be more limited because of the grade of coal it produces and its customer base.
Other companies that could benefit somewhat from a tighter market include Consol Energy Inc. of Canonsburg, Pa., which produces some metallurgical coal as well as thermal coal for generating electricity, Credit Suisse analyst David Gagliano said in a note to clients.
Massey produced about 1.2 million tons of high volatile metallurgical coal at the Upper Big Branch mine, Gagliano said.
Companies also may face higher costs in the months ahead as a result of stricter oversight and regulation from the federal Mine Safety and Health Administration.
"Unfortunately this is not the first time accidents such as this have happened, and each time previously the aftereffect was meaningfully higher regulatory costs and increased challenges/delays in obtaining permits, particularly for smaller (central Appalachian) producers," Gagliano said.
The coal mining industry was battered during the recession when demand fell for steel and for electricity.
Coal stocks fell as much as 80 percent or more during the recession but more recently have traded near 52-week highs, driven by the comeback of the steel industry overseas, said Johnson Rice & Co. analyst Bill Burns.
In afternoon trading, shares of Alpha Natural Resources Inc. rose $1.50, or 2.8 percent to $54.59, after hitting a 52-week high of $55.70. Walter Energy rose $1.06 to $98.12, after earlier hitting a 52-week high of $99.45.
Patriot Coal's shares rose 31 cents to $22.70, after hitting a 52-week high of $23.24.
Massey Energy's shares fell $5.73, or 10 percent, to $48.96.