IMF urges quick, effective moves to buoy growth
TOKYO (AP) — Global financial ministers called Saturday for quick and effective action to safeguard faltering economic growth and rebuild shaken confidence as they ended an annual meeting of the International Monetary Fund.
"Global growth has decelerated and substantial uncertainties and downside risks remain," an IMF advisory committee said in a communique. It exhorted advanced economies to carry through with needed structural reforms and "credible fiscal plans."
Decisive action is needed to "break negative feedback loops and restore the global economy to a path of strong, sustainable and balanced growth," it said.
It also urged emerging economies to adapt their own policies to help counter slowing growth in Europe and the United States.
The annual meeting of the IMF and World Bank, convened in Tokyo this year, has highlighted frustrations among many countries over drag on growth from the lingering debt crisis in Europe, plus alarm over a possible blow to the world's largest economy if the U.S. fails to resolve an impasse over its budget deficit.
"A durable solution to the Euro area crisis would provide a much-needed boost to global recovery," Yi Gang, deputy governor of China's central bank told fellow financial leaders at the meeting Saturday of the IMF's International Monetary and Financial Committee.
Yi said uncertainty over government debts in the U.S. and Japan was slowing recovery and causing "costly spillover effects to the rest of the world."
Slower growth elsewhere is sapping the potential in the poorest countries, many of which depend on exports of minerals, oil and other commodities to the industrial countries.
"We should all be committed in our resolve to avoid a worst case scenario where strains in the euro area deepen, fiscal cliff and debt ceiling problems in the U.S. are not resolved, and growth in emerging market economies continues to decline," said Pravin J. Gordhan, South Africa's finance minister.
Christine Lagarde, the IMF's managing director, summed up the meetings saying they yielded "a very strong commitment to policy implementation."
In her "Global Policy Agenda," however, she summed up progress as "mixed." In the 17-nation area of countries that use the euro, measures have fallen short of what is needed to ensure sustainability, it says.
It warns that high levels of government debt will constrain options for fighting recession for years to come.
"A lot has been done, but — with limited progress in addressing legacy issues such as debt overhangs and weak financial systems and continued uncertainty on key policies — confidence still has yet to be restored," the agenda says.
While most of the attention during the meeting was focused on the crises facing the biggest economies, the IMF and World Bank — whose mission is to fight poverty — have also emphasized the need to help protect the poor from the spillover of slowdowns in richer nations.
The IMF announced it would devote $1.1 billion in funds from windfall sales of gold to help fortify funds for low-cost loans for low-income countries.
Overall, the IMF and its member countries have made progress in shoring up the international financial system, said Tharman Shanmagaratnam, chairman of the IMFC.
"All agreed we are in a better position today than we were six months today, a better position with regard to the policy footing for getting growth restarted and for achieving fiscal consolidation in advanced economies," he said.
European Central Bank President Mario Draghi said that while the situation in the eurozone remains challenging, positives include the resilience of European banks, the relatively low level of fiscal deficits in member economies and an improvement in governance.
"The bottom line is that the situation remains challenging, but there are signs of prudent optimism," he said.
Still, many participants expressed alarm over the risk of the U.S, the world's biggest economy, running over a "fiscal cliff" of tax increases and deep spending cuts next year unless the Obama administration and Congress resolve a deadlock over the budget.
Such a prospect would deal a heavy blow to the economy, eroding progress made since the 2008 global crisis.
Speaking just hours after the government announced the budget deficit for the 2012 fiscal year topped $1 trillion for a fourth straight year despite stronger tax revenues, Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner told fellow financial leaders that much remains to be done.
"It is important that we in the U.S. enact a balanced framework to bring down our fiscal deficit and debt over several years, while continuing to provide support for jobs and growth in the short term," Geithner said.
The overwhelming emphasis of the Tokyo gathering has been on coddling fragile growth around the globe.
At Saturday's meeting of the IMFC, which advises the IMF and monitors the world financial system, officials from developing and emerging economies urged the U.S. and European nations to prevent malaise in their regions from slowing global growth.
"Advanced countries should rethink their macroeconomic strategies and avoid simultaneous fiscal contractions and the consequent overburdening of monetary policies," Guido Mantega, Brazil's finance minister, told the committee.
Spending should be focused on areas that can have a maximum impact and on social safety nets to protect the poor, he said.
He also echoed other finance ministers in expressing concern over monetary easing in the U.S. and other countries that is meant to encourage more bank lending but that some worry could destabilize markets while failing to stave off recession.
The meeting ended without a breakthrough on internal reforms of the IMF, a 188-member agency set up in 1944 to provide emergency loans and other support to countries facing economic difficulties calling for reforms.
Lagarde said such reforms, which include adjusting the quotas and relative voting strength of members to reflect changes in world economic heft, are "critical" for ensuring the IMF's legitimacy.
Associated Press writer Malcolm Foster contributed to this report.