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March of the Microprocessor

Intel, which produced the first computer-on-a-chip in 1971 from a couple 
thousand transistors, now cranks out chips with millions of transistors. 
Today's chips crunch numbers faster than a Cray supercomputer could in the late 
1980s. Within 15 years, Intel expects a descendant with a billion transistors 
that could whip a dozen of today's fastest supercomputers.


CHIP          PUBLIC   INITIAL     NUMBER OF     INITIAL
              DEBUT     COST      TRANSISTORS     MIPS*
4004          11/71     $ 200         2,300       0.06
8008           4/72     $ 300         3,500       0.06
8080           4/74     $ 300         6,000       0.6
8086           6/78     $ 360        29,000       0.3
8088           6/79     $ 360        29,000       0.3
i286           2/82     $ 360       134,000       0.9
i386          10/85     $ 299       275,000         5
i486           4/89     $ 950   1.2 MILLION        20
PENTIUM        3/93     $ 878   3.1 MILLION       100
PENTIUM PRO    3/95     $ 974   5.5 MILLION       300

PROJECTIONS
786            1997   $ 1,000     8 MILLION       500
886            2000   $ 1,000    15 MILLION     1,000
1286           2011       N/A     1 BILLION   100,000
*Millions of instructions per second

DATA: INTEL CORP., DATAQUEST INC.



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Updated June 14, 1997 by bwwebmaster
Copyright 1996, Bloomberg L.P.
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